The female reproductive system

The urethra extends through the length of the penis, allowing urine and sperm to pass. If not fertilized, this egg is flushed out of the system through menstruation. Key Terms labia minora: The two inner folds of skin within the cleft of the labia majora.

The uterus is divided into two parts: the cervix, which is the lower part that opens into the vagina, and the main body of the uterus, called the corpus. Approximately half its length is visible, the remainder lies above the vagina beyond view.

female reproductive system diseases

Fallopian tubes - Uterine tubes which transport egg cells from the ovaries to the uterus. Interspersed between the ciliated cells are peg cells, which contain apical granules and produce the tubular fluid that contains nutrients for spermatozoa, oocytes, and zygotes.

A very thin piece of skin-like tissue called the hymen partly covers the opening of the vagina. Reproductive System and Disease The reproductive system can be impacted by a number of diseases and disorders. The uterus is a pear-shaped muscular organ.

In all placental mammals, including humans, the endometrium builds a lining periodically which is shed or reabsorbed if no pregnancy occurs. The fertilization usually occurs in the oviducts, but can happen in the uterus itself. Increased intra-abdominal pressure pushes it downwards.

Female reproductive system pdf

Sagittal MRI showing the location of the vagina, cervix, and uterus Illustration depicting female reproductive system sagittal view Frontal view as scheme of reproductive organs The female internal reproductive organs are the vagina, uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries. At this point, menstrual cycles can become irregular and eventually stop. When girls become sexually mature, the outer labia and the mons pubis are covered by pubic hair. The vagina is attached to the uterus through the cervix, while the uterus is attached to the ovaries via the fallopian tubes. During puberty, hair appears on the labia majora. Share this:. In addition, the female reproductive system produces female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle. The vagina serves three purposes: It's where the penis is inserted during sexual intercourse. Uterus: Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view. The thick wall of the uterus is composed of 3 layers. When an egg pops out of an ovary, it enters the fallopian tube. It is also referred to as the birth canal in the context of pregnancy. The uterus is mobile and moves under the pressure of the full bladder or full rectum anteriorly, whereas if both are full it moves upwards. They produce, store, and release eggs into the fallopian tubes in the process called ovulation pronounced: av-yoo-LAY-shun. During menopause, the female reproductive system gradually stops making the female hormones necessary for the reproductive cycle to work.

The lining of the Fallopian tubes are ciliated and have several segments, including the infundibulum, ampullary, isthmus, and interstitial regions.

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Female reproductive system